translation plays an important role in the development and dissemination of culture. subtitle translation should follow the principle of simplicity and easy to understand. what are the characteristics of subtitle translation?
first of all, the translation of film and tv plays is faithful to the content and style of the original film. yan fu, a translator in the qing dynasty, proposed "faithfulness", "expressiveness" and "elegance". the core requirements of these translation standards are to be faithful to the original text, to the original content, to the original language style, language environment and cultural factors. at the same time, the style and language style of the translation should be consistent with the original style.
secondly, we should pay attention to the artistry of language. chinese subtitle translation of film and tv plays requires not only the accuracy of the translation, but also the artistic reproduction of the deep meaning of the source language in the translation. the basis of artistic style reproduction in subtitle translation is to read the original repeatedly and try to understand the original best.
third, we should correctly deal with the transformation between cultures. translation is nothing more than conveying the cultural information of another language through one language, so it can be said that any translation can not be separated from culture. chinese subtitle translators of english movies and tv plays often encounter problems related to cultural background. each film is a reflection of the history and social cultural life of a certain cultural region.
finally, creative translation is also needed in the process of translation. film subtitle translation is a purposeful behavior. the essence of film communication is to meet the expectations and requirements of the audience. in order to achieve the best communication effect, the translator should give full play to the active role of the subject and consciously carry out creative translation on the basis of the principle of simplicity and comprehensibility.